More on Bitola

Pelister National Park covers an area of 17.150 hectares – at altitude of 927 to 2601 m.It abounds with unique natural resources and is home of rare and endemic animal and plant species.Numerous hiking trails: Children, Historical, Stone Trail … are possibility to see and experience all the beauty of Baba Mountain and Pelister… and, for that pleasure  you don’t need special physical condition, just good will.Trademark of Pelister are clear spring water and rivers where you can see Pelister and Pelagonia trout, waterfalls and glacial mountain lakes – Big and Small one, also known as Pelister’s Eyes.If you have visited Pelister once, you will surely come again … More:

Kajmakčalan (Kaimakchalan) or Kaimaki or Kaimaktsalan or Kaimaki or Voras (Greek: Καϊμάκτσαλαν or Βόρας, Macedonian: Каjмакчалан, Kajmakčalan) is a mountain on the border between Greece and the Republic of Macedonia. It is the southernmost and highest peak, 2,524 metres (8,281 ft),[2] of a range known in Greek as the Voras Mountains and in Macedonian as Nidže. The frontier between the two countries runs across the summit.[1] It is the third highest peak in Greece after Mytikas and Smolikas and the fifth highest in the Republic of Macedonia. [(The word “Kaimaktsalan” is of Ottoman Turkish origin inspired by its white, snowy peak: kaymakçalan means ‘kaimak beater. During World War I, in September 1916, the Battle of Kajmakčalan between Serbian and Bulgarian troops took place at Kajmakčalan and around the adjacent peaks, resulting in a Serbian victory. There is a small church and crypt for the Serbian soldiers who died in the battle. Near the top of the mountain, on the Greek side, there is a small church named Profitis Ilias (Greek: Προφήτης Ηλίας)]

Kemal Ataturk: The Founder and First President of the Republic of Turkey – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk  (Мустафа Кемал Ататурк, Мustapha Кemal Аtaturk, Мostafa Кemal Ataturk) studied in Bitola (Monastir) military high school since March 13, 1896 until 1899, in the period when Macedcedonia was under Turkish rule. More:

Sirok Sokak (Широк Сокак, Wide Street) is the main street in Bitola, a place where you go if you want to see someone in Bitola or to be seen.Many travel writers and travelers passers, which passed Bitola through the ages, marveling at the beauty of the town and its main street noticed:“If you were in Bitola, and you have not walked through the Main Street, than you have seen nothing.”Fascinated by this street, many pronounced and unknown artists, especially poets and composers, made some of the most beautiful Macedonian songs.

Clock Tower, Bitola According to the legends, even though the existence of the Clock Tower was mentioned before in the 1664 (17th century), present Clock Tower was built in the 1830’s, in the same period when nearby, the Orthodox Church of St. Demetrious was built.
[(The Bitola Clock Tower got its present appearance in the 19th century, and is 30 meters high.
The entrance into the Clock Tower is on the north side of the tower, and it is encircled by big marble blocks. Approximately a hundred stairs leads to the clock, to its peak about 32meters high. On each of the stairs new information, new transformation begins. Those stairs lead to the top from where in the past the big metal bells sounded, indicating the precise time. In 1927, a new numbers and the first clock mechanism were placed, and some additional changes were made. The individuals in charge to ring the bells were replaced with sajzii which were in charge to take care of the clock and the clock mechanism. The first clock face was white with black numbers and hands, and it was smaller than the present one. This clock mechanism was changed in 1936, when 15 new bells, about 900 heavy ones, were placed there. They were a sign of gratitude for the building of the Memorial Cemetery of the German soldiers who died during the First World War.
In 1962, the mechanism was renewed, and in 1970 for the performance of new compositions, the piano was placed inside the tower. This Clock Tower is one of the 180 towers in the world which has built on this kind of mechanism. The music compositions make it even more unusual. Every six hours one of six compositions is played: Bitola Babam Bitola, Biljana platno belese etc.)]

Ancient town “Heraclea Lyncestis” Famous for its dazzling mosaics, ancient theater and Roman baths, Heraclea is the most vividly preserved city from the surviving Ancient Macedonian Empire in the country.Heraclea Lyncestis was an ancient Macedonian city situated 2 km south of the present-day town of Bitola, Republic of Macedonia. It was founded by Philip II of Macedon in the middle of the 4th century BC, after he had conquered the surrounding region of Lyncestis and incorporated it into his kingdom of Macedon. The city was named in honor of the mythological Greek hero Heracles. The epithet Lyncestis means “the Land of the Lynx” in Greek.

 The Manaki brothers: The Manaki brothers (Ianachia and Milton) were born in the little Aromanian village of Avdella, now in Greece but that belonged to the “vilayet” of Manastir (Bitola). They were the first photographers and filmmake, in the Balkans. They learned filmmaking in Lyon with the Lumiere brothers and bought their first movie camera in London. They realized the first movie in the Balkans in 1905. Every year, they are celebrated in Bitola on the occasion of a the “annual Manaki Brothers International Film Camera Festival», the oldest camera festival in the world. Their archives are kept at the Macedonian state cinematheque and give an invaluable view on the Balkans between 1905 and 1924.


Arts and Culture:

The International Cinematographers Film Festival “Manaki Brothers” (known short as Manaki Film Festival; Macedonian: Интернационалниот фестивал на филмска камера “Браќа Манаки”; ИФФК Браќа Манаки) is an annual international Macedonian film festival organized by the Macedonian Film Professionals Association (MFPA). The festival is held in Bitola, the town where most of the activities of the Aromanian brothers Yanaki and Milton Manaki were organized. Thay were the filmmakers, who in 1905 filmed in Avdela the first motion pictures in the Ottoman Balkans.[1] Each year the festival is supported by the Ministry of Culture of Macedonia and the President of the Republic of Macedonia. The award of the festival is Camera 300 that given to the year’s best motion pictures chosen by the festival’s film committee.The Manaki Film Festival has been hosted at the Center of culture, with screenings at the Big Hall, located in the center of Bitola and has been attended by celebrities

Ilindenski Denovi-Folk Festival: If it happens that you visit Bitola from 27 of July to 2 of August, then you have to take part in Ilindenski Denovi Folk Festival. Folk groups from all over the world take part in it.

Small Bitola Monmartre The Small Bitola Monmartre is an international children’s painting festival held in Bitola in the last week of May, organized by the “St. Cyril and Methodius” Children’s Art Studio. Over 50 young and talented artists create their works on the streets of Bitola, beautifying the city with their energy, socializing, and creativity.

Interfest – Bitola Interfest is an international festival of classical music, held 2-12 October every year. In 2002, the festival celebrated its 10th anniversary. The 10-day festival gathers prominent musicians and renowned soloists from all European cultural centres.

Heraklea Evenings Heraklea Evenings are a series of outdoor theatre and musical events held in the summer in places such as the amphitheatre in Heraklea, as well as other open venues.